Go to Body area Go to Main menu Go to Bottom link

General Information

Happy safety riding with bicycle sharing happiness

Safety regulations for bicycles

Bicycle riding principles

Bicycle paths and general roads

Under the Road Traffic Act, a bicycle is classified as a 'vehicle'. On roads that have separate vehicle lanes and sidewalks, bicycles are required to ride in the vehicle lanes.
Where there is a bicycle path, cyclists must ride on it.

*Bicycles used by children, the elderly, and the disabled may use sidewalks.
Bicycles may also use sidewalks which have signs permitting bicycles, or where necessary due to road constuction or damage.

Bicycle riding principles image
Keep right

Bicycles on roads should use the outside lane on the right. To avoid danger from passing cars on the left, cyclists should always dismount to the right side of their bicycles flat land, and 3 bicycle-lengths or more on a downhill.

Crossing the road

Where there is no special bicycle crossing, the bicycle should approach the intersection in the right lane, dismount and walk his bicycle across the pedestrian crosswalk. If there is a specific bicycle crossing, the cyclist can ride across.

Passing parked and slow-moving vehicles

When passing a parked or slow-moving vehicle, the cyclist should slow down and leave enough space for a door to open or the car to start.
The cyclist should announce that he is passing by using a horn or his voice, and should watch out for passing and oncom-ing vehicles.
Generally vehicles should be passed on the left but cyclists may pass parked or slow-moving vehicles on the right.

Starling and stopping

The bicycle should be completely stopped when the cyclist starts out or dismounts. Before starting, check to the rear for safety.
Before stopping, also check to the rear, use the hand signal to indicate stopping, and gradually slow down to stop.

Safe distance

The cyclist should always leave a safe distance between car and bicycle. This should be one bicycle-length (approximately 3m) on flat land, and 3 bicycle-lengths or more on a downhill.

Caution on intersection

The cyclist should use a hand signal to show direction at least 30m before the intersection. It is prudent to look to both sides care-fully and to slow down or stop before entering the intersection.

Going straight

Before entering the intersection, the cyclist should watch out for vehicles making right turns. After going through the intersection, the cyclist should watch out for all vehicles. It may be dangerous to pass through an intersection just before the signal changes, and better to wait for the next signal.

Lett turn

Where there is a traffic, signal, the safest approach is to go straight through the inter-section in the far right lane, and wait for the signal to change to cross the road.
At an intersection without a traffic signal, the cyclist should slow down or stop before enter-ing the intersection, should check both sides and watch out for vehicles making lett turns, leaving sufficient space to any cars.

Right turn

The cyclist should stay in the far right lane, and should slow down and watch for pedestrians crossing the road. The cyclist should not make the right turn at the same time as a car.

Caution on intersection image

Caution when braking

The bicycle has front and rear brakes. When reducing speed, slowly engage the rear brake. When stopping, the cyclist should use both brakes at the same time.
Using just the front brake could over-turn the bike, while using just the rear brake could cause the bicycle to lose balance.

* Following the revision of the <Safety Standard of Industrial Goods subject for Confirmation of Self-Regulated Safety>, any bicycle manufactured from 2010 is required to have the front brake lever on the left and the rear brake lever on the right. Bicycle prior to that time had the front brake on the right and the rear brake on the lett.

Caution when parking

When parking a bicycle, make sure it does not interfere with pedestrian traffic flow if you lock it to a tree, fence or the like. It is best to use a designated bicycle parking lot or parking rack, and to lock the front wheel, bicycle body and rear wheel to the parking rack. For combination locks avoid the use of a password that is too obvious.

Safe attire

When riding on the road, the cyclist should wear bright colored-clothes, with a safety vest and a bicycle helmet with reflector. If the pant leg is too wide, fasten it with a band or clip. Wear shoes without laces if possible, or tie the laces securely. Do not wear a hat or scarf that the wind could be blow across your eyes or carry away. Try notto ride when it rains, but if you do, wear a raincoat and do not use an umbrella.

Instructions for using bicycle gears

Gears are used to maintain efficiency in varying terrain and wind conditions. There are generally both front and rear gear mechanisms operated by controls on the handlebars.
Change gears while pedaling and looking to the front. Gears should be changed one step at a time. The rear and front gears are combined for high gear-high gear and low gear-low gear. Pedal harder just before changing gears.

Front : High(third gear), Middle(second gear), Low(first gear), Rear : High(7..9), Middle(4..6), Low(1..3)

The chain should be in as straight line as possible between the front and rear chainwheels.

How to deal with accidents

Accidents involving bicycles ate traffic accidents, and it is necessary to comply with all applicable traffic laws and regulations.

Bicycle accidents causing property damage only

Bicycle-bicycle and bicycle-car accidents that result in property damage only (no personal injury) do not need to be reported to the police, unless there is a problem resolving the matter through the insurance company.

Bicycle accidents causing personal injury

If a person is injured as a result of a bicycle accident. provide assistance and report the accident by telephone to 119 and 112. Don't change anything at the scene of the accident and obtain contact information from witnesses to the accident.
If a minor is involved in the accident do not let him leave, even if he feels alright. The cyclist should care for the minor, ensuring he receives hospital treatment and first aid as necessary, and returning the minor to his parents, even if the accident is not very serious. The accident must be reported under the Road Traffic Act.